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list of kamikaze attacks

The … At Okinawa they inflicted the greatest losses ever suffered by the U.S. Navy in a single battle, killing almost 5,000 men. Several members of the amidships unit were killed or wounded during the ensuing collision. In accomplishing this, the Japanese lost 600 aircraft, with at least one-third of this number being kamikazes. 1915—twin engine bomber sighted, heading dead on for the USS DuPage, screening destroyer escort USS Cavalier and USS Fayette opened fire on plane.”. Although dangerous, they did not take precautions to avoid detection and antiaircraft fire. The last suicide attack occurred after the Japanese surrender when the commander of the kamikaze forces led a flight of eleven planes on an attack against US ships at Okinawa. The USS Intrepid being struck by a kamikaze off Luzon, Philippines, November 25, 1944. At 4 pm on January 11, the DuPage pulled out of station to the left of the column, assigning guide duties to the USS Cavalier. The Wayne crew scrambled to throw life preservers to the swimming sailors as the ship steamed by, since the transports in the convoy could not stop. Seaman 1st Class Rudolph Daniel Wells’ battle station was a 40mm antiaircraft gun. The destroyers Sumpter, Gascoyne and Pfeiffer were out in front providing protection for the convoy. The kamikazes had their most successful day on October 24, 1944, when 378 kamikazes managed to sink 16 Allied warships off Okinawa. With the sea lanes protected, the Luzon invasion moved forward. Fire came rolling down the port side and over the top of me. The next morning two boatloads of medical officers and pharmacists came aboard from the USS Wayne and USS Fuller. U.S. Navy. Yukio Seki was born in a small village, Iyo Saijo, in Shikoku. The "USS Nevada," despite an escort and efforts to fight off a Kamikaze attack, sustained such a hit in early 1945 off the coast of Japan. The 172nd Infantry Regiment, landing on the extreme left beach, White 1, had the most hazardous and difficult task. Wells and his gun crew immediately started throwing the 5-inch ammunition overboard. With these losses, Japanese air power ceased to exist in the Philippines. In the early hours of January 10, lookouts reported hearing the sound of a boat approaching. Cannon rushed his forward unit to the area and saw a 500-pound bomb in the midst of a sea of flames. The most often seen were the Mitsubishi A6M ("Zero," ... Ohka. At the same time, the forces of Admiral Chester W. Nimitz had started a drive through the islands to the east that included the Solomons, Gilberts, Marshalls, and Marianas. Emergency repairs were made from January 13-20, and the DuPage prepared to return to war. My life jacket immediately caught fire, but I got it put out.”Death and destruction followed the big bomber down the side of the ship. The following pictures of the aftermath of the Kamikaze attack were provided by Vernon Neilson. Kamikaze Photos & Casualty List: and Kamikaze Attack Photos USS DuPage (APA-41) Casualty List. The chaplain conducted the service in which five U.S. Army and two U.S. Navy casualties were buried.During the invasion, reports of suicide attacks other than those by kamikazes began to come in. On the forward deck, three racks contained eight more LCVPs. The Allies had to invade and secure the small island of Mindoro before the main invasion could go forward, because two airfields there could support Japanese attacks on the invasion fleet. Off Japan proper, the USS "Nevada" and her escorts fight off attacks by Kamikaze suicide planes. The Japanese had killed 300 American sailors, wounded 760, and sunk two ships, but they could not stop the operation. The DuPage was in formation as guide ship for the convoy of 17 transports and some smaller vessels. The ship rushed one officer and 25 seamen ashore as a beach working party to assist in unloading the incoming boats. They approached low, out of the evening sun, and would execute radical maneuvers to confuse the ships’ defenders.On January 9, S-day, the transport division continued to steam into Lingayen Gulf during the early morning hours. Japanese kamikaze attacks against U.S. aircraft carriers and ships in the Pacific during WWII. He grabbed two men, and with the fire hoses soaking them down, started to get the bomb untangled from cables and beams. The invasion troops were quartered amidships on lower decks 1 and 2. Yukio Seki. I had a wound in my leg, and my right arm was burned.”. No damage except my buddy manning the ramp lever swallowed his chew of tobacco.”When the DuPage crew got all the assault troops ashore, the laborious process of unloading cargo from the ship holds got under way. This area had excellent beaches, plus access to the island’s central plain and a direct road to the Manila Bay region. He rushed to throw a shell and powder casing over the side. Japan’s Kamikaze pilots and their suicide attacks on the American warships in the last year of World War II, was one of the most terrorizing memories of the war. We were right in between two LSTs when a mortar shell exploded right in front of the boat. “FLASH RED-CONTROL GREEN” or “FLASH RED-CONTROL YELLOW” kept the crew hopping to man the antiaircraft batteries. Another attack at 1900 scored an additional bomb hit, believed to have been a 500 kg bomb, but the kamikaze itself did little damage and slid over the side. “He was wounded and burned bad, real bad. The DuPage crew now mustered to perform a sad but necessary service, burying the dead at sea. In addition to the quad-40 stations, there were 20mm gun tubs, dual 50-caliber machine guns, and a 5-inch cannon. “We were ordered to shoot up all floating boxes and trash with the .30-calibers as we went to and from the beach,” recalled Wells. The "USS Ticonderoga," a carrier, also sustained such a hit in early 1945 off Formosa (Taiwan). Then he saw the first wounded.“A sailor stumbled out of the inferno and collapsed in my arms,” he recalled. All that remain of the Kamikaze plane are its wheels. Previous kamikaze attacks were executed by relatively untrained pilots. This force was followed by Task Group 77.2, the bombardment and fire support vessels accompanied by 12 escort carriers and their screening destroyers and destroyer escorts. Masafumi Arima Invented The Kamikaze Strategy. On 6 April 1945, waves of planes made hundreds of attacks in Operation Kikusui ("floating chrysanthemums"). As the hours of January 10 waned, the captain put out a call for medical assistance for his vessel. Forward, the heavy equipment, trucks, jeeps, and howitzers were on lower decks 3 and 4.The trip lasted 11 days and proceeded through the Surigao Strait, Mindanao Sea, Sulu Sea, Mindoro Strait, South China Sea, and into Lingayen Gulf. At 7:02 pm, general quarters was sounded as two Japanese twin-engine bombers were sighted.“I had just gotten cleaned up when general quarters sounded,” said Wells. Main telephone: 202.488.0400 Kamikaze were Japanese suicide pilots who attacked Allied warships in the Pacific Ocean during the Second World War.The name means "divine wind" and refers to a typhoon that destroyed an enemy fleet in the 13 th century.After the Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941 they were defeated in many important battles in … For the DuPage this invasion would produce a traumatic event that the ship’s crew had witnessed but never experienced. This threat was the suicide boat, or Shinyo. The American commanders were in a quandary as to where the attacks were originating. Mindoro was taken by mid-December and the airfields converted for Army Air Force use. “Once we got loaded with troops the assault LCVPs would move away from the ship and form up in a large circle. “I had no idea what they were shooting at, then the kamikaze hit. This included the battalions’ vehicles stored in holds 2 and 4. In the middle of troop loading, a Japanese fighter plane appeared, and the ship opened fire with all guns to drive it away.Wells was a crewman on one of the LCVPs. Set at thousand-yard intervals, on her left was the USS Fayette, on the right the USS Cavalier, and trailing, the USS Wayne. Two landing craft, LCI(G)-365 and LCI(M)-974, were sunk on January 10 by suicide boats.January 10 found the infantry units up to eight miles inland, moving forward against very little resistance. One man, in particular, is credited with inventing the tactic of Kamikaze attacks. The Allies had to invade and secure the small island of Mindoro before the main invasion could go forward, because two airfields there could support Japanese attacks on the invasion fleet. All the wounded were ordered to the infirmary, and a crew count commenced. One wing blown off, a Japanese plane scores a direct hit. Throughout the conflict, at least 47 Allied ships were sunk by Kamikaze fighters, while a further 300 were seriously damaged. The captain then started to assess the damage and determine casualties. 1902—sounded general quarters, enemy planes in the vicinity. Her last orders assigned her to Operation Magic Carpet, transporting American veterans home.The service of the USS DuPage was continuous and honorable throughout the war, but one particular incident stands out. For the Allied naval forces, a welcome respite followed. The second plane dived to just above the ocean surface, causing the ship’s lookouts to lose sight of it until it was almost on the DuPage, dead ahead at 200 yards. The crew of the attack transport DuPage braved kamikaze attacks while supporting American landings in the Philippines. By 7:37 pm damage control parties reported all fires extinguished and under control. The peak in kamikaze attacks came during the period of April–June 1945, at the Battle of Okinawa. By January 5 the entire 7th Amphibious Force carrying I Army Corps, followed by the 3rd Amphibious Force carrying XIV Army Corps, was moving out of Leyte Gulf into Surigao Strait. Lieutenant Seki had found his target. Neilson could not remember what happened to the 5-inch gun crew, but saw the gun lift up and off its stand when the plane hit. It should be recognized, however, that approximately half of all kamikaze attacks were condJucted by Japanese Army Air Forces. Several torpedoes were fired at the convoy to no effect. The kamikazes—Japanese suicide planes piloted by fliers bent on sacrificing themselves by diving their aircraft into American naval vessels—soon found the strung-out convoy. work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. The leading elements of the task force were bombed, and six kamikazes jumped the force, damaging an oiler and minesweeper. Also, the aft deck contained two racks on each side of the ship with 16 LCVPs. Admiral Ohnishi was convinced that further employment of these inhuman tactics was … List of Allied vessels struck by Japanese special attack weapons. Succeeding enemy planes try for hits. Moreau remembered the moment the DuPage and the kamikaze came together. The APA had many purposes, but the main one was to load troops and equipment, transport them to an invasion area, and put them ashore.A memorable description of the attack transport was given by author Sidney Carrol in a 1940’s edition of Coronet Magazine. Japanese suicide attacks against the Hadley and the Evans were unceasing. Her crew will always remember January 10, 1945, as the day of the kamikaze. 10 January 1945. “A large chunk of the airplane had sliced through the area and took his head off. Suddenly I was lifted off my feet and slammed into the bulkhead, knocking me out. This process was delayed by another LSM that brought wounded and dead from the beachhead.At 2:30 pm, the DuPage moved into the inner transport area to take on casualties and complete equipment unloading. A heavy cruiser was damaged, and an escort carrier was sunk. Wells and the gun crews in the aft section helped contain the fires and throw all explosive material overboard. “An army lieutenant kept hollering to get them to the beach. this invasion would produce a traumatic event that the ship’s crew had witnessed but never experienced. The "Nevada," veteran of the last war, was in Pearl Harbor at this war's beginning, and has fought in many major actions since. Enemy aircraft continued to be a threat, requiring continuous general quarters calls. On or After Date of Successful Attack by Organized Special Attack Squadron - Vice Admiral Takijiro Ohnishi formed the first kamikaze special attack squadron in the early morning of October 20, 1944 (Inoguchi 1958, 13), but the first successful suicide attacks by special attack squadrons did not take place until October 25, … All troop cargo was transferred to the beachhead by 5 pm. In the area with the DuPage, the transport USS War Hawk was riding at anchor. View the list of all donors. The plane cartwheeled down the port side of the ship, exploding bombs and fuel. In all, kamikaze attacks claimed the lives of 88 crewmembers from 1944-45. About that time, I thought, ‘I’m going to be some damage control officer if this thing goes off when it hits the water.’ All this time the loudspeaker kept up a constant, ‘Lt. Seaman lst Class Vernon L. Neilson was a member of the Quartermaster section, stationed in the after steering control room. Attacking singly or in groups of four or more, the Kamikazes pressed their suicide runs, and the tiny ships worked in mutual support as best they could. The impact of Kamikaze attacks decreased during the final months of the war in the Pacific, in part because of an improvement in Allied evasion tactics. The aircraft banked slightly left, then turned back to the right, causing the forward gun crews to think the bomber was going to pull up and go over the ship. Australian and U.S. naval forces suffered 1,230 men killed and 1,800 wounded by the kamikazes during the Philippine operation. He recalled:“We saw it dive until it was skimming just above the ocean surface. Once the order came down to the Command Boat that all LCVPs were loaded and ready, we got the order to head for the beach. My buddy, Waldript, was on the bridge and saw the Jap come in. In command of the fire support groups was Vice Adm. Jesse B. Oldendorf, and Vice Adm. Daniel E. Barby was over the transport groups. About 19% of kamikaze attacks were successful. The DuPage deck log stated, “Enemy aircraft appeared many times; several were shot from the air, one managed to crash into a transport and the rest were repulsed.”Admiral Oldendorf and the other commanders were worried, with good cause. (Source: Smithsonian Channel) As the suicidal pilots reached their target, they began an attack that would supersede any air raid in history. “An APA is a tenement, a moving van, a freight car, a garage, a fighting ship, a hospital, an ambulance and a hearse.” In a few short days the DuPage would learn that one more item could be added to the list: target of the divine wind, better known as the kamikaze. The basic design for the DuPage was a five-hatch cargo ship powered by an 8,500-horsepower steam turbine that could move it up to a speed of 16.5 knots. Pictures made simultaneously show the same attack viewed from the carrier itself. Almost every make and model of aircraft were used as kamikazes. The fast attack transports carried a crew of 50 officers and 600 seamen. The War Hawk was repaired enough to make the trip back to Leyte Gulf. These large items were transferred via ship booms to an LSM (Landing Ship, Medium) anchored alongside. As the main force moved ahead, the attacks continued. When the ship was declared secure, they looked around their area for casualties.“When we looked at the 20mm gun port on the deck above us, the boy in the gunner’s seat was dead,” said Wells. The crew fought all through the next day to keep her afloat and restore power. Japanese Kamikaze attacks - numbering close to 3,000 - against the Allies netted between thirty-five and sixty ships sunk with nearly 5,000 lives claimed. The forward 20mm gun tubs, 2, 4 and 10, commenced firing.Storekeeper 2nd Class Oliver E. Moreau was stationed on the flying bridge to assist the fire-control officer. would learn that one more item could be added to the list: target of the divine wind, better known as the kamikaze. As they hit the beach, one crewman would trip the ramp at the front of the LCVP to let the troops off. MacArthur developed a three-phase plan for recapture of the Philippines: First, seize the island of Leyte to be used as a marshaling area and supply base; second, invade and clear the Japanese from the main island of Luzon; and third, occupy the bypassed islands at a later date. Neilson had just stepped up to the deck above the control room and was standing behind the 5-inch gun, leaning on the bulkhead just below the Quad 40mm gun tubs, when the Japanese suicide plane hit the DuPage. Ironically, the best Kamikaze planes were in the U.S. inventory (heavy, but fast fighter-bombers such as Corsairs and Thunderbolts). Such situations occurred in both the Axis and Allied air forces. As the main force moved ahead, the attacks continued. The troops came from widely dispersed staging areas—Bougainville, New Britain, Hollandia, Aitape, Sansapor, and the farthest away, New Caledonia. Casualties on the "Nevada" are sixty men dead, wounded, and missing. In that bloody struggle, damage to U.S. Navy vessels would far surpass that sustained at Luzon. Over the course of two days, over 350 enemy planes imposed absolute … It comes from the name the Japanese gave to a typhoon that destroyed the Mongol ships in the 13th century and saved the country from invasion.In Western culture, the word kamikaze is used to mean the suicide pilots … It was located in the ship’s stern just over the shaft alley. “I motioned to two more men and we manhandled the bomb over the side. Fahey thought he was the first person to see a kamikaze attack in action — but he wasn't. At 7:15 word came down from division command: “Lower all boats.” The crew immediately commenced lowering all landing craft, and this was completed by 7:49 am. The Zeke pulled up at the last moment to correct the dive and the airplane hit the center of the flight deck. “We had heard one bomb go off and had no idea what else the plane might have had. When the kamikaze hit, Cannon was in his office and in contact with the damage control sections via interphone. He described the activity getting ready to head for the beach. The Kamikaze (神風), "Divine" or "spirit wind", officially Tokubetsu Kōgekitai (特別攻撃隊 "Special Attack Unit"), abbreviated as Tokkō Tai (特攻隊, used as a verb as Tokkō (特攻 "special attack") were suicide air attacks from the Empire of Japan late in World War II. Cannon report to the bridge.’ I was a little too busy to stop right then.”When Cannon made it to the bridge, the captain informed him there was a bomb on the deck and that it needed to be removed. The gunner ran the elevation transverse and trigger, the trainer ran the azimuth transverse.”The attack transport had a formidable array of antiaircraft weapons. James J. Fahey joined the Navy in October 1942. The 250kg bomb penetrated the port side of the hangar deck and exploded in the midst of several … The ship then sent out a voice radio message requesting all ships astern to be on the lookout for men blown overboard. He said, ‘The bomber was so low he was pulling water with his props.’”From the deck log of the DuPage, the following notation was entered: “1800—Underway in accordance with ComTransRon 14 visual dispatch. “The bomb was still very hot from the fire plus the three of us could not lift it over the ship’s rail,” Cannon continued. At 6 pm, the DuPage got underway in accordance with standard procedures for forming up the transport convoy. I heaved a sigh of relief.”. When I looked at my gun station, the seat I was sitting in was also blown off. At 6:30 pm, the DuPage weighed anchor and moved to the outer transport area. To view the full picture, please double click on the … St Lo attacked by Lt. Seki’s kamikaze attack, Oct. 25, 1944 . His … Kamikaze, which means "Divine Wind" in … The kamikazes—Japanese suicide planes piloted by fliers bent on sacrificing themselves by diving their aircraft into American naval vessels—soon found the strung-out convoy. With the sea lanes protected, the Luzon invasion moved forward. For America, the early months of the war in the Pacific meant one defeat after another. The Elmore Project. The APA had many purposes, but the main one was to load troops and equipment, transport them to an invasion area, and put them ashore. TTY: 202.488.0406, Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. was a five-hatch cargo ship powered by an 8,500-horsepower steam turbine that could move it up to a speed of 16.5 knots. Standard IJN and IJA aircraft. During general quarters there were three damage control parties, the forward, amidships, and aft units. Before the formation of kamikaze units, pilots had made deliberate crashes as a last resort when their planes had suffered severe damage and they did not want to risk being captured, or wanted to do as much damage to the enemy as possible, since they were crashing anyway. The overall force commander was Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kinkaid. All rights reserved. The LCVP had a crew of three. The USS DuPage: Braving Kamikazes From Air And Sea, The mighty invasion armada for the main thrust at Luzon in the Philippine Islands was being assembled on December 28, 1944. The mighty invasion armada for the main thrust at Luzon in the Philippine Islands was being assembled on December 28, 1944. We came out of the circle, line abreast going in. This hull configuration was used for escort carriers and troop transports (AP) in addition to attack transports (APA). A minesweeper was sunk; two battleships, two heavy cruisers, and other smaller vessels were damaged. Kamikaze attacks sank 34 ships and damaged hundreds of others during the war. The first load of casualties consisted of three dead and 10 wounded. They were 12,000 yards offshore opposite the small town of San Fabian. The leading elements of the task force were bombed, and six kamikazes jumped the force, damaging an oiler and minesweeper. Wauchape was in command of the DuPage with Lt. Cmdr. Never did know who he was. Mindoro was taken by mid-December and the airfields converted for Army Air Force use. These problems notwithstanding, the 43rd Division moved out and expanded its beachhead by two miles.The DuPage was anchored in the outer transport area going through cleanup routines in preparation for getting underway later in the day. He was killed instantly. Just the anticipation of kamikaze attacks drove some American sailors insane. The superiority of the suicide attacks was manifest. The USS Wayne was steaming a thousand yards astern, and her crew members saw the kamikaze strike and several men go over the side. This was climaxed in May 1942 with the fall of the Philippine Islands. The beach party returned to the ship, and the DuPage commenced to rehoist all boats.Throughout the invasion operations, the ship was undergoing continuous alerts. The troops came from widely dispersed staging areas—Bougainville, New Britain, Hollandia, Aitape, Sansapor, and the farthest away, New Caledonia. The targets were U.S. escort carriers; one, the St. His duty was to relay messages to the various gun stations as to targets and position. The mighty invasion armada for the main thrust at Luzon in the Philippine Islands was being assembled on December 28, 1944. “I got my pants and a skivvy shirt on and ran for the gun. The second crewman manned the winch to crank up the ramp as they pulled off the beach. “The quad-40 had a crew of four, two loaders, gunner and trainer. The guy died in my arms before a corpsman arrived.”The captain reported the suicide crash to the USS Cavalier and advised that the DuPage could maintain position as guide in cruising formation. “There had been reports of Japanese swimmers trying to reach the ships under the boxes. “I told the Coxswain he should wait until the LSTs got through because the Japanese loved to fire mortars at them,” Wells remembered. MacArthur believed the planes were from air bases on Luzon, while Oldendorf assumed they had come from Formosa. Two escort carriers, two heavy cruisers, two destroyers, a destroyer escort, and several other ships were damaged by kamikaze attacks. Up to 300 aircraft at a time dove at the Allied fleet. A few well orgainized strikes of say twenty Thunderbolt like fighters flown by trained Kamikazes and benefiting from trained escorts and reconassiance would would have been … News of the kamikaze successes flashed throughout the navy. Lieutenant George R. Cannon was the deck officer in charge of damage-control parties. The left wing first hit the barrel of the 20mm gun on the port side and spun the turret and gunner around at a tremendous rate. Wells’ boat was coming in as part of the third assault wave, and was interspersed with a group of LSTs (Landing Ship Tank). The coxswain was the pilot while the other crewmen manned the two .30-caliber machine guns. This armada of transports and their protective shield formed a convoy over 40 miles long. My forward unit got the fires on the bridge under control and as we started aft, a seaman rushed up and said we had a live bomb on deck, fire all around it.”. A heavy cruiser was damaged, and an escort carrier was sunk. The wounded were transferred to hospital ships USS Mercy and USS Marigold.

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