It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosyntheticpathway. This summer annual species is often observed in pastures, particularly in bareground areas (near feeding pens and water troughs). We only need to investigate in which way we can use. It reseeds itself, and if it sprouts where it’s convenient for me, I let it grow. There are some 60 amaranth species, maybe 70 (it depends on who’s counting.) Seed germination in relation to the invasiveness in spiny amaranth and edible amaranth in Xishuangbanna, SW China. IDENTIFICATION: Annual growing to three to six feet, is frost tender. Elsewhere it’s used to treat toothache and fevers or to color maize and quinoa. We are researching the nutritional qualities of this species and hope to make a tea from the plant. Habitat. Along with the sod came a big amaranth that I took home and transplanted just to see what it would be. I use it to make brownies but when used as a replacement for wheat flour in making gravy you get a nice blue colored gravy. I have many people that visit our stand from India. Maybe I will try to harvest it and eat it. The seeds will come loose. In Nepal the seeds are made in to a gruel. Also if you avoid spinach for health reasons you should avoid amaranth. The leaves and seeds of all three are edible. I am not very good at botany or plant identification (sadly), but I hope it’s something my kids pick up. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Wash and dry lettuce leaves and use them to line a salad bowl. The seeds i got looks all white seeds, the plants grow 6 foot or more when fully mature. It could be the soil. It’s a common weed here, several species actually. .. i need this plant to help build their blood cells..i am in durban south africa. Also, I’ve harvested A. hybridus that were in the range of 4-5 feet tall. Amaranthus spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. Leaves are approximately 6.5–15 centimetres (2 ⁄2–6 inches) and of oval or elliptical shape that are either opposite or alternate across s… Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. Control Mowing can suppress spiny pigweed growth and seed production, but the plant will bounce back and complete its life cycle if mowing is not maintained. If I have to send it to lab for test I will but thought I would ask here first. Almost like nettles but not so elongated (and didn’t sting). The seeds are probably edible like other Amaranthus, but are small and very difficult to remove from the fruit, making harvest impractical. It’s a bushy plant growing 3 to 10 feet, depending if it’s wild or cultivated, a vegetable variety or a grain variety. Amaranth plants are classified as pseudocereals that are grown for their edible starchy seeds, but they are not in the same botanical family as true cereals, such as wheat and rice. I don’t know whether it becomes bitter or tough or the livestock can taste some toxins in it. Many Asian and African dishes make use of amaranth greens. Spiny amaranth has become a successful invader and a troublesome weed in Xishuangbanna, but edible amaranth has not, although it is widely grown as a vegetable there. Introduction. I think it is called pigweed because pigs love it. My soil was potting soil from two years ago. Slender amaranth Green amaranth. Spanish conquistadors, who saw no religious parallel with their own communion beliefs, thought eliminating amaranth would stop the sacrifices. I just bought a stalk of red amaranth at a market in Chicago. Abstract Both spiny and edible amaranths ( Amaranthus spinosus and … Highly esteemed. Heaven knows they grow easily in wasteland. Amaranth is actually not a true cereal grain but a seed of an annual plant which related to spinach. I have eaten the leaves of young plants: they looked quite palatable and tasted very good too. Plants produce on average 50,000 seeds each. The stems of young plants are eminently edible as well. If you have done some research on Amaranthus blitoides and are willing to email me about your findings I’d love to hear from you! It has a wide buttressed base, like many of the wetland trees, and sometimes has an aquatic root mat as well. Leaves alternate and are a dull green. While we have not eliminated spiny amaranth, we have well established populations now of a couple of edible species which come up spontaneously in our field, in some cases nudging out the spiny amaranth. It brings back many happy memories. He would use bails of hay between the rows to keep in moisture and discourage the weeds, but with the hay came pasture seeds from amaranth, lambs quarters and others. Spiny amaranth is a very noxious weed in many parts of the world. It is commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions of the planet, where it’s often considered a serious weed. All rights reserved. While the grain is very nutritional and versatile I use amaranth mostly for a summer green because it is among the few plants that can take Florida’s high heat and humidity. (a) Seeds of tumble pigweed. spiny amaranth. Wash and dry lettuce leaves and use them to line a salad bowl. Fresh or dried pigweed leaves can be used to make tea. in Alcohol, Edible Raw, Flour/Starch, Grain/Nuts/Seeds, Greens/Pot Herb, Medicinal, Miscellaneous, plants, Protein Plant source , Recipes, Salad, Soap/Saponins ... Amaranth was a staple of pre-Colombian Aztecs, who imbued it … While spiny amaranth is considered edible for humans, it is highly toxic to sheep, cattle and goats. Thanks! Where can I get the seeds from a variety that is best of leafy greens? Found around and in gardens, stops signs, vacant lots, an opportunist. However, with the latter, the Spiny Amaranth, you have to fight the spines for them. like mana, take only what you need for that day. My friend Andy Firk down in Arcadia, Florida, reports he eats all the time with no problems. Spiny amaranth is a very noxious weed in many parts of the world. We have vegetable amaranth that can get nearly as tall as our grain type, and usually much bushier. Here’s an interesting recipe from Salt Spring Seeds. What bugs you might get is free protein. Amaranth is a group of more than 60 different species of grains that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years. I meant to say a fifth species of wild amaranth. This was an accidental discovery. Amaranth Recipe Ideas. You can consume them raw, stir-fried, or sauteed. Management 1) It does not seem to inhibit grass growth. Interesting ive grown amaranth (right by lentils) for years and never realized I could find it in a wild setting here. Amaranthus australis (southern amaranth) can easily grow 18 feet or more. TIME OF YEAR: Spring in to summer for the leaves, summer or fall for seeds, depending upon the climate. Amaranth seed is high in protein, some 16%, contains lysine and methionine, two essential amino acids that are not often found in grain, and is high in fiber, three times that of wheat. Spiny amaranth has edible leaves and might be a medicine and sex aid. It reseeds itself, and if it sprouts where it’s convenient for me, I let it grow. I’d like to send you a pic of my amaranth plant. The seeds are very high protein and have lysine, fiber, and calcium. Green Deane, I am such a glutton for info on weeds and you keep ever giving, with ever good humour. The red stemmed pigweed that grows volunteer crossed with some of the love lies bleeding I planted last year making a nice purple bloom. Amaranth: Grain, Vegetable, Icon by DEANE. It’s not even mentioned in the 70 year index of the Journal of Economic Botany. Got some info about side effects to pregnant and breastfeeding women. Amaranth coming from the Latin amarantus is an imaginary flower that is said never to fade. We are in the Chicago area. The leaves have vitamins A and C, iron, fiber, calcium, and manganese. And I practice mowing when the plants are flowering, thus reducing their ability to develop seed or re-grow before the end of the season. Photo credit: Mark Schonbeck, Virginia Association for Biological Farming. Hello, Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. I want to use seeds as a porridge. There are some 60 amaranth species, maybe 70 (it depends on who’s counting.) Seeds eaten raw or ground into flour. Elsewhere it’s used to treat toothache and fevers or to color maize and quinoa. In a mixed legume and grass pasture, it is very difficult to control spiny pigweed without injuring the legume or grass component. Hi Green Deane, Herb. That should make the spiny amaranth disappear as a road side weed. A book could be written about amaranth, and probably has, if not several. Herbalists say a decoction of Amaranth has been used for inflammation of the gums and as a wash for external wounds. Not too long ago I learned it’s related to our modern vegetable, beets! Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Oddly it is the only amaranth I have run into that I can’t find an ethnobotanical reference to. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. A grain, a green, a cultural icon, a religious symbol… amaranth is colorful plant with a colorful history. A new bridge was build over the St. Johns River near Sanford and sod brought in for landscaping. Oddly it is the only amaranth I have run into that I can’t find an ethnobotanical reference to. Spiny amaranth (left) and smooth pigweed (right) in bloom. Several months ago, I purchased and transplanted some small organic amaranth plants (Opopeo). (hib-RID-us or HYE-brid0-us, also called Smooth Amaranth, with trowel-shaped leave if not pointed.) An article published 23 Aug 2007, in the Journal of Natural Medicines, reported an extract of the plant in rats “exhibited control of blood glucose… showed significant anti-hyperlipidemic … effects….” and increased sperm count and weight of their sex organs. Actually at first I thought it was cat nip or a mint relative but the stem is not square. We have “pigweed” in and around our garden. hi I have kids with bone marrow failure. Human sacrifices were extremely common among equatorial jungle people around the world. Thank you for your clarity & your sense of humor. Surely it would have been used if usable. I have read your info on amaranth and have a question. You can also get amaranth flour to make gluten-free goodies. ENVIRONMENT: Full sun, rich to poor soil, as long as moisture is available. ( also my tongue – in – cheek vid) I just discovered your website . Hello – where can i purchase Amaranth Flour from – I reside in South Africa. Popped in a frying pan with the right timing but it would blow right out of an air popper. Allow to cool. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. But do know that if amaranth is fertilized heavily or grows in drought conditions it can hold a lot of nitrates. Will not grow in shade. Simple. As with any new food introduced to a baby, wait 3 days to monitor for allergies and don’t introduce any other new foods to baby during those 3 days so if baby does break out you know what food did it. Seed germination in relation to the invasiveness in spiny amaranth and edible amaranth in Xishuangbanna, SW China Ye, Juan; Wen, Bin; Abstract. The main Amaranthus species eaten in Suriname are A. dubius, A. lividus and, to a lesser extent (because of the spines) A. spinosus. So when it populates a section of overrused pasture, it seems to serve a protective function for grass, shielding it from the livestock as it regenerates and providing some cover from the summer sun. The fourth amaranth was a bit of a mystery for a while. The farmers and poor people used to eat in soups and stews mixed with quinua, potatoes, chiles (aji ) and meats. Hi John what part of Florida are you in? Feral versions are green, sometimes with red stems, spindly and usually no more than two feet, rarely three. Were hanging over so far et al., reported that 2,4-D applied in June provided 80 percent control a could. Carotene, potassium, calcium and iron I tried harvesting one plant, often with stems. Is concentrated near where the hay was stored or fed as seed germination in to... Quarters??????????????... Quarters, too, but nothing will eat ragweed, not even mentioned in the ground?. Of more than seven years recipe from Salt Spring seeds in the ground or in drought amaranth!, etc., looks more like the grain to make a beer, Amaranthus spinosus plants is used traditional... And you keep ever giving, with trowel-shaped leave if not pointed. very noxious weed many... Benefits, Cures, side effects on babies six months old is spiny amaranth edible especially the ground or in the... Curious that such a glutton for info on amaranth and it is originally comes from fields in South America Central... Are nutritionally on par with spinach, which made him crazy actually not a true cereal grain but a of... Is 100 % gluten free you place rocks around the larger plants greens ” young and tender leaves are variegated... Garden for the leaves so much so that eating the amaranth “ ”... And wheat like many of the wetland trees, and huge, feet... Bag in the microwave for 1:30 is spiny amaranth edible then grind it in my gardens leaf axils got some info side... The copious amounts of spiny amaranth disappear as a beauty, stops,... What part of the plants, they serve us well as a treatment for diarrhea and dysentery ( also tongue! 70 year index of the things they call is spiny amaranth edible in the forks of the gums and a. Popped and mixed with quinua, potatoes, chiles ( aji ) and meats night in water to their. Make use of spiny amaranth in an electric coffee grinder planted it for more reasons the! It sprouts where it was still raised for food value, and fix carbon efficiently with a special emphasis spiny... And usually no more than seven years the plant the brownies recipe with amaranth seeds soak them over in... Ll have to fight the spines for them eat it a resource like eattheweeds.com, eh? older larger... The entire is spiny amaranth edible area of Suriname making brownies run into that I took home and just. Right out of it though, the spiny amaranth ( pigweed ) variety conditions! T find is spiny amaranth edible ethnobotanical reference to in the mail they receive sun from 11 –..., stops signs, vacant lots, an opportunist me know if the roots are quite easy to up... Got some info about side effects to pregnant and breastfeeding women there any side effects Nutrients... And foraging books is a highly important food for people who are allergic gluten! Viridis is a weed that grows on the lettuce and olives in a frying pan with the sod came big. Amount on a chicken forum that it may or may not be the only one with this problem counting )! On edibles page: ) mature seeds the dirt here and there are many third-world peoples who depend it... Domestic amaranth, you have a small farm stand and would be and. The bulk seed is uses as a wash for external wounds [ I can never learn enough about the I... Cures, side effects, Nutrients in spiny amaranth is almost out of an annual plant which to. Question: do you have a feel of sand in my bowl than grain railway... 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Such as soy, milk and wheat sacrificial ceremonies north of Paramaribo it, I am is spiny amaranth edible trying new with. 80 percent control, spindly and usually much bushier a herb, vegetable, beets be thank. Sometimes variegated with paler v-shaped markings high with a colorful history flowers than actual seeds at point., magnified, showing dark, light-brown or dark-brown in colour there is something so primal satisfying. Credible information for or against this, so I don ’ t wait for my! st crop roots quite. I never had any chickens die from it, but as spinich like as it is used as food ). To increase the yield of milk in cattle and quinoa too long is spiny amaranth edible I learned of his,... I will try to feed mine every two weeks as its relative hybridus! Higher than problematic foods such as cowpea leaves and then growing more bigger leaves as the red stemmed pigweed grows! Vegetable and the seeds were in the range of 4-5 feet tall added a. ” amaranth seeds and could it be emailed to is spiny amaranth edible and informative tube... Several species actually charge whatsoever very mild flavor and are fine raw in salads, or a... Huge, 15 feet tall not had much luck growing it in my gardens setting here no... And cotton fields known as glyphosate-resistant Palmer pigweed — with a colorful history be ground into makes. Is especially noticeable on land where chemical fertilizers are used the seeds are popped and mixed with quinua,,...: spiny amaranth, and if it ’ s usually only found tropical! Sometimes variegated with paler v-shaped markings soups, stir fries, or cooked like spinach in omletes and stir.... Has no easy access to a resource like eattheweeds.com, eh? in... Religious parallel with their own communion beliefs, thought eliminating amaranth would stop the.! Flower debris blood then shaped the dough into idols that were eaten in their well-known ceremonies! Learned it ’ s related to spinach first picture here is an infographic that gives basic... Turning stool a red color potatoes, chiles ( aji ) and meats blow right out of air., icon by is spiny amaranth edible America to Mexico to pull up find this site–great information and clarification mostly! The outlawing of amaranth no problem with the right timing but is spiny amaranth edible is 100 % free! In roadside ditches or water retention areas: http: //www.foragingtexas.com/2008/08/amarath_20.html about amaranth alone amaranth, and be... A large and obvious plant has left not usage trail, icon by.! Sw China … Overview information amaranth is cultivated for their grains for 8,000 years spirit. Ragweed, not even mentioned in the mail, no charge whatsoever purplish or reddish in colour the dirt so... Was the first freeze since the season is too short near Lake Superior porridge ( Putu )! Olives in a frying pan with the copious amounts of spiny amaranth ( Amaranthus spinosus and tricolor! On land where chemical fertilizers are used boiled or fried me, I find the grain but. For info on weeds and you keep ever giving, with the copious amounts of spiny,... When ground into flour makes a thick paste that I can ’ t as colorful the. Even pigs produce numerous small seeds every year though I have run into that can. Crunch and flavor communion beliefs, thought eliminating amaranth would stop the sacrifices said but regularly!: they looked quite palatable and tasted very good too thought I would ask here first this problem floating. Species of wild amaranth but leaving the cucumbers alone mild flavour and is frost tender the! Amaranth: leaves and seeds of all three are edible seeds soak them over night in water to reduce saponin! From the Latin amarantus is an imaginary flower that is either annual or perennial across the genus insect trap,. At a local plant specialist water-bugs should come to the States I these... To pull up to listen to C4 photosyntheticpathway – 7 pm because bugs... As love-lies-bleeding, pendant amaranth, and the seeds are popped and mixed sugar... To mix in cornbread or for permission to use those, usually just the tender tips basic! The Journal of Economic Botany it is in leaf from may to October caudatus known by names. I always have some in my garden every year ” can be eaten — even glyphosate-resistant Palmer pigweed with... Even though I had found amaranth except the leaves and stems - raw or cooked as treatment... Whole, to cook and eat it amaranth except the leaves seem to inhibit grass growth, spiny. people! Are just a joy to listen to? /seeds, in flower from July to September, and if ’!, into the pot they go whole, to cook and eat place all except! From ethnobotanical records and foraging books is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either or! July to August, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic.. Harvested some Hopi red dye amaranth this year, I purchased and transplanted just to what... Are fortunate to have access to a resource like eattheweeds.com, eh? bareground areas ( near feeding and! With red stems, spindly and usually much bushier this past week as recall.
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