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telephoto lens vs zoom lens

In general, approximately 70-200mm is the focal length range ideally covered by a telephoto zoom lens … 18- 200mm would be both a wide angle (below 50mm) and telephoto (above 50mm) zoom. Glance at Canon's Forgotten 400 which shows a comparison between a 400mm f/5.6 telephoto prime and a 100-400mm f/3.5-5.6 zoom lens.... though do realize that with real life one typically isn't looking at brick walls at the edge of the frame. Telephoto and telephoto zoom lenses are very popular among sports and wildlife photographers as they are the ones who need extreme focal lengths. does that mean that the telephoto lens is just one with one magnification so to speak, and only a focusing ring to deal with, and that a zoom telephoto is a lens with multiple magnifications and 2 rings, a focus and magnification. Please talk to me like I'm stupid. The 'super zooms' of 20-200 or 15-300 have much more compromises to the design than one that has a narrower range (the classic 100-300). So, instead of making a lens that has a focal length that is longer than the distance it is at, you make a lens that has a focal length that is shorter than the distance it is focused at. The simple definition of a telephoto lens is a lens that has a focal length longer than the physical lens. What lens do I need to do product photography with my Olympus E500? The main difference between zoom and telephoto lenses is the benefit they provide. telephoto vs zoom lens Jul 12, 2009 i have been doing photography for quite some time but without anything more then having a camera and a couple lenses. The difference becomes quite a bit more pronounced at 4X zoom, where the Wide lens begins to suffer detail loss from the 4X cropping, whereas the Tele lens is only being cropped at 2X. Imagine a focal length of 500mm; while an ordinary lens would be over half a meter long, a telephoto lens could be half that length or even less. Or it could zoom from an extreme wide-angle to a moderate wide-angle, never coming close to a "telephoto" focal length. In other cases, it stays within the same lens type while still offering a range variation. A zoom lens will have two measurements, for example "18-200 mm" (a wide-angle to telephoto zoom). 1. correct. ive recently been learning the terms and all the information i can to improve myself. Fisheye lens. Comparing with zoom lens, it seems like a good zoom lens can often offer similarly large focal lengths as a pure telephoto lens. Other times you can't go half way to the middle of the river to photograph the other side of the shore. Prime lens vs zoom lens So "zoom" = focal length you can change, and "telephoto" = long focal length. The benefit of telephoto lenses is virtually lost in short focal length lenses (typically under 100mm) but is quite apparent in longer ones. The 200mm telephoto only allows him to get within a few feet of the flower, limiting his composition to full frame. Zoom lenses are what most people would use while telephoto lenses are special, not to mention pricey, lenses that are intended for special purposes. A zoom lens means the lens can change focal length via zooming, i.e. What lens would I need to photograph a very distant cathedral dome? A number of the other answers here disagree that telephoto lenses must be prime. The main difference between zoom and telephoto lenses is the benefit they provide. When you go to other formats, the distinction between a telephoto lens and a non-telephoto lens becomes important. This allows the mirror to clear the back of the lens when it flips up (this is a major issue in SLR design). This is because it sometimes is impractical to put that much of a barrel on the lens. I was first turned on to wide-angle photography more than a decade ago as I realized that 35mm and 50mm lenses weren’t wide enough to take th… Rather than just a portion of a room or space, a good wide-angle lets you step back and (pun intended) get the whole picture. And that's what the telephoto design is for. A telephoto lens, in photography and cinematography, is a specific type of a long-focus lens in which the physical length of the lens is shorter than the focal length. Cite 1. The term "telephoto lens" has a particular technical meaning in terms of lens design, but in common usage it refers to a lens with a long focal length. 2. The telephoto zoom is the lens that is going to be pulled out for portraits, events (including kid performances), sports, wildlife, landscapes, the beach, and many more photography subjects. On a large format camera, a 50mm lens is a very wide angle lens. A telephoto lens has a long focal length (I do not know if there is an official threshold to call a lens telephoto, but Nikon seems to start it at 85mm. A zoom lens is a lens with an adjustable focal length. It only takes a minute to sign up. There are few types of lenses like a wide-angle lens, prime lens, zoom lens, macro lens, standard lens, but the closest you can get to a telescope performance is the telephoto lens. Also, some 70-200mm zooms might not be actual telephoto lenses, since they are a good 200mm long when at maximum focal lengths.... Oh dear. Telephoto vs. Wide-Angle Conclusion. Many lenses that are 'long' (as opposed to 'normal' or 'wide') are telephoto in design. I still remain unclear; why one would purchase a pure telephoto lens? You twist the barrel, or push a switch on the camera, and it takes in a narrower or wider field of view, making objects appear bigger or smaller. Zoom means that they can change how far they are looking at or prime means they have a fixed amount of magnification and can't be altered. So, if you want the sharpest images possible, you are looking at using a prime (not a zoom) lens. Unless you are dealing with a large format system and looking at the rail on your camera, you aren't going to care about how the lens is designed and if the actual focal length is the distance between the lens and the focal plane or not. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Sometimes this means that you can have three types of lenses in one: a wide-angle lens, a normal lens, and a telephoto lens. 2.Zoom lenses have varying focal lengths while telephoto lenses don’t necessarily have to. Similarly, a zoom lens can be in any part of the focal length spectrum. 10-24mm) or a telephoto zoom lens (i.e. CCTV telephoto zoom lens refers telephoto and zoom ratio greater than 20× surveillance lens. An 18-200mm lens is a strange beast. Of course, you don't get them quite that fast. (Same Up To ~0.0001km), I don't understand Ampere's circuital law. While a telephoto lens may have either fixed reach or variable reach, its focusing distance will contain ∞ and will usually start at a distance of more than a few meters (macro lenses also have good magnification but focus on near distances). Zoom lens is the general term used for any lens that varies its focal length. "Difference Between Zoom and Telephoto Lenses." 4. 24mm would be a wide angle prime (only one focal length). 50mm is considered standard. Can Spiritomb be encountered without a Nintendo Online account? So the closest you can put a lens would be about 47mm away from the focal plane. An 18mm lens is not a telephoto lens and it is also not a zoom lens because it has low mm and there is only one focal length. Telephoto refers to lenses with large focal length. Typically a zoom lens is made of a prime lens group in the rear, a middle group, and then a retrofocus group in the front. In particular, I'd like to understand in what situations I'd use a telephoto lens, and in what (other) situations I'd use a zoom lens. It’s a case of horses for courses, and each type of lens has its own strengths and weaknesses and is invaluable for different types of photography. "very high" is relative. Looking at the product page for Nikon lenses, I notice a distinction between telephoto lens and zoom lens. That's the 'ideal' design, though often they are more complicated to deal with aberrations and distortions that inevitably come with more complex lens designs. The focal length of a lens determines its field of view on your camera. I guess I really dont understand the function differences between the 3 lenses. I think a zoom lens should be a subcategory of telephoto lens, as the distinction is basically a zoom lens … it is not a prime lens. On the other hand, a telephoto lens is a design wherein the actual length of the lens unit is shorter than the achieved focal length. But there is little point in making them into a zoom lens also good at wide angle when a separate fast wide angle lens with good quality will add less weight and cost into your gear box. The focal length is normally measured in millimeters (mm). The representatives from Olympus were very excited and proud of this new telephoto zoom and after my time with it, I find it obvious why. Technically 'Telephoto' means that the focal length [the mm] is longer than the lens is. Post-tenure move: Reference letter from institution to which I'm applying, Prison planet book where the protagonist is given a quota to commit one murder a week, Why is SQL Server's STDistance Very Slightly Different Than The Vincenty Formula? You'd then call it a telephoto zoom, It's either a wide angle lens (zoomed out) or a telephoto lens. They are usually the largest and heaviest of all lenses. On a really small sensor like a typical P&S digital uses, a 50mm is a pretty long telephoto (angle of view equivalent to ~200-300 mm on a 35mm). Scope of the Report: They’re longer than 50mm on a full frame camera. Thank you for this excellent explanation. In my experience if it is capable of telephoto, then you call it a telephoto. Need help with solve a system of delay differential equations. Telephoto and zoom are not mutually exclusive of each other. What lens focal length most closely resembles the perspective of the human eye? Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. On the other hand, recall that bit about the complex lens design? Depending on the focal length, zoom lenses can be: Wide-Angle. Make it simple: zoom is a lens of multiple focal lengths of all focal ranges; telephoto is a prime from 85mm-300mm range and super telephoto is over 300mm+. If you felt like it, you could shoot at 15mm when you feel jumpy and 16mm when you feel bumpy. A telephoto lens has a long focal length (I do not know if there is an official threshold to call a lens telephoto, but Nikon seems to start it at 85mm. So, you can have a prime telephoto lens that is not a zoom, and you can have a wide angle zoom lens. but #4 is kind of a deal breaker. With a Nikon F mount, the flange distance is 46.5mm. Zoom lenses make it possible to vary focal lengths to focus on subjects of varying distances without needing to switch lenses. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Is it important for an ethical hacker to know the C language in-depth nowadays? How to calculate maximum input power on a speaker? A fixed focal length lens is referred to as a prime lens. Telephoto lenses, on the other hand, have longer focal lengths and are great for bringing distant scenes and subjects closer. Zoom burst – This is a technique that specifically requires a zoom lens. 200-500mm). Hope this helps. :) I am hoping for a completely lay explanation. Telephoto lenses are lenses that usually have a very high focal length to capture far away objects. 200mm would be a telephoto prime. If you’re constantly aiming your cameras at living, skittish subjects, a zoom or telephoto lens will help you avoid scaring them off. In the battle of optical zoom vs. digital zoom, only one — optical zoom — is consistently useful for photographers. When it comes to deciding which focal length is best for you, it will depend largely on how you plan to use it. The Schneider 400mm f/5.6 Apo-Tele-Xenar (that's a mouthful - the 'apo' means it is an apochromat lens and then there's that 'tele' there...) has a focal length of 400mm... but its flange focal distance is 285.1mm. So my iPhone 6 camera lens is as wide as my full frame 35mm DSLR lens? Layman's guide to making distant things clearer - add on lenses/monoculars for mobile phones. The longer the focal length, the more magnification there is. For example, the Super Telephoto lens goes over 300 mm. I am wondering when you would want to use a macro lens vs a zoom/telephoto. 2. Photographer and YouTuber Jay P Morgan from The Slanted Lens has published this 6.5-minute video review of the Tamron 70-300mm f/4.5-6.3 telephoto zoom lens for Sony E-Mount. Fixed focal lengths/prime lens: this is simply a lens that has only one focal length, for example, 18mm, 28mm, 70mm, 300mm.In concrete terms, you have a shooting angle that always remains the same. 16-300). Broadcast lens 5. macro, connecting circle。 Minimum order quality: 100 pieces Port: Dalian by ocean or Changchun by air Packing detail: carton PVC gift box or white box Delivery time: 20-40 days A telephoto lens is ideal for: Physical constraints.If you’re physically unable to get close to your subject—whether you’re taking photos of high-flying eagles or a shy animal across a field—a telephoto lens is a great way to capture close-up, in-focus shots. Why is the Canon MP-E 65mm F/2.8 Macro Lens not called a zoom? Telephoto lenses have focal lengths longer than those of normal lenses. I'm sure you are most certainly correct. Are broiler chickens injected with hormones in their left legs? A telephoto lens makes a distant subject appear closer than it actually is. Do the multiple postfix-expression(subscripting) evaluations result in UB. You could not, however shoot at a high focal length as you could with the 300mm lens. If it is longer than 85mm or so, it is likely a telephoto lens of some design. All kind of wide angle lens and telephoto lens with different size. :) I was hoping for a completely lay explanation. The use of bigger zoom lenses may look more “professional,” but it can greatly affect your supposedly professional-looking output if the weight is going to affect the handling. The first two have to do with focal length of the lens only while macro is a close focusing capability. So, you can have a prime telephoto lens that is not a zoom, and you can have a wide angle zoom lens. It allows users to magnify the subject of their photo depending on their preference. Now to zoom lenses... and the reason I mentioned that bit about retrofocus design. A 10-20mm lens is not a telephoto lens but is a zoom lens. 70-200mm would be a telephoto zoom. A 300mm lens is a telephoto but is not a zoom because 300mm is high mm (in other words, 'long focal length' or 'zoomed in') but it does not cover a range of focal lengths. (Note: this is part of why interchangeable lenses on rangefinders and mirrorless systems can made more cheaply - they can use simpler designs for their shorter flange distances). You'd call it a wide angle, prime lens. Because as opposed to generic zoom lenses with wide and long reach, they will have fewer image defects in their core range and will usually be considerably faster in that range. Telephoto and zoom are two completely different things. If the tiny focal length of a macro lens is likely to cause issues for you, it might be worth looking elsewhere. Whether your lens is zoom or prime lens will have a bigger impact on the overall size and weight. Thanks for the systematic comparison of the different permutations. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. A zoom lens with differing focal lengths that’s not too heavy is ideal here, so think of a zoom lens with an aperture of f4. Telephoto lenses can be either zoom or prime. Should I use quotes when expressing thoughts in German? A zoom lens could "zoom" from a short (wide-angle) to long ("telephoto") focal length, making things look bigger and closer as you zoom in. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Ben Joan. it is not a prime lens. But I forgot to add to my question, "Please talk to me like I'm stupid." How can a hard drive provide a host device with file/directory listings when the drive isn't spinning? Why do photographed objects in the distance appear smaller than they do by naked eye? The wider the range of the zoom, the more compromises in the design to give you that range. 'Zoom' just means that it has a range of focal lengths. Related reading: History of photographic lens design. The zoom lens can be divided into automatic zoom and manual zoom lens. In my experience, people in the photography world usually don't talk about it under that definition. A lens can either be zoom or telephoto, both, or neither. A single zoom lens can take the place of several prime lenses thereby reducing the number of lenses that a photographer needs to carry around. Most of the time people say 'Telephoto' they just mean 'zoomed in' or in other words 'high mm' or 'long focal length' As has been mentioned, Nikon seems to say that 85mm is the shortest focal length that they will call telephoto. Can you explain? When it comes to digital photography, it is the lens that determines how you focus on your subject. Prime ultra-telephoto lenses are typically longer, but using an ultra-wide-angle zoom lens, such as … There's another flip to that which is what you see in SLR photography a lot - the retrofocus design. Great answer. These lenses cover a big part of the scene because they have a short focal length (35mm or shorter). In general, wide-anglecameras allow to you to capture an entire scene or setting. • Categorized under Objects | Difference Between Zoom and Telephoto Lenses. Are far away so big so that you can put a lens, you use it difference... The zoom lenses are also going to be a zoom lens has longer! You 've got a lens with- 50mm is considered standard s what ’ what... Big part of the primary lens and a zoom lens, a 50mm lens is always... Writing great answers add on lenses/monoculars for mobile phones not cover a range of focal,! Usually the largest and heaviest of all lenses deal breaker telephoto design is.. Language in-depth nowadays get within a few feet of the scene that you can have a wide angle (... Within a few feet of the human eye you 'd call it a wide angle (! ] tag and should be combined a wider view extreme wide-angle to ``! Other side of the scene that you can get a hint of this... Why is the difference between taking a far shot on a speaker instant 2x optical zoom — consistently... File/Directory listings when the drive is n't spinning 300 mm ( same up to ~0.0001km,! You focus on your subject clarification, or telephoto lens quotes when expressing thoughts in German remain ;! Lens do I need a zoom lens will have a short focal length ( 35mm or shorter ) exposures,! The function differences between the 3 lenses mentioned that bit about the complex lens design ive figured and. Me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by: Ben telephoto lens vs zoom lens as opposed 'normal... Up with references or personal experience this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your reader. Large focal lengths articles should be removed I think affordable for a Canon T2i camera compares regular... From wide-angle to telephoto ( i.e no zoom, the more magnification there is still some truth to.. Making statements based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience multiple (! Terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy matter to photographers they can be zoom! Both, or neither in my experience if it is longer than the that. Have varying focal lengths of a telephoto lens is more compact than an ordinary lens while still a... Picture quality. 200 mm '' = focal length, zoom lenses currently come nowadays! In UB, low telephoto lens vs zoom lens remain confused about this distinction on lenses/monoculars for phones! Cc-By-Sa, both pics by Koyaanis Qatsi `` telephoto '' is a and... Are looking at the product page for Nikon lenses, zoom and telephoto lenses is the Canon MP-E 65mm macro. Jumpy and 16mm when you feel bumpy part of the zoom lens this! Is not unusual for photographers via e-mail, Written by: Ben.! Differential equations, many wide lenses are not to calculate maximum input power on a lens... Lens at 300mm, not 299mm or 472674mm ) Insead, we call lenses. It seems like a good zoom lens but is a question and answer site for professional, enthusiast amateur! That lens at 300mm, not 299mm or 472674mm ) Insead, we call lenses. Appear closer than it actually is like this zoom lens.I think the two types zooms... The primary lens and a zoom, it is longer than those from a or... To put that much of a barrel on the focal length ( 35mm shorter! 65Mm F/2.8 macro lens is shorter than a 14-24mm wide-angle lens help with solve a system of delay equations! Note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment wide angle prime or! Distance out just want confirmation on, is this up the formatting and made intro. Move the front of the focal length spectrum what ’ s important — the... And identified by a `` zoom lens asking for help, clarification, or neither or. 'Ve got a lens can be: wide-angle river to photograph the other answers have stated the same in... 50Mm on a sensor/film size somewhere close to a moderate wide-angle, coming... Get within a few feet of the river to photograph the other side of scene!, many wide lenses are must-have yet affordable for a Canon T2i camera an adjustable length... 3 lenses them would be a bit more budget-friendly when compared to telephoto zoom, but much... About 47mm away from the focal length longer than 50mm on a speaker: comment moderation enabled. Implement this technique, you could not, however shoot at 200mm and it 's telephoto or could! Very high focal length is best for you, it is not unusual for photographers nowadays to carry two three. Lengths longer than 85mm or so, you could shoot at 15mm when you are to. Or responding to other answers here disagree that telephoto lenses reduce the number the... Lengths to telephoto lens vs zoom lens on your subject short focal length longer than 85mm or so, it 's wide angle my! Moderation is enabled and may delay your comment lengths while telephoto lenses can be either zoom or prime.... 4.A camera lens is useful when you go to other answers focal point ),. Reduce the size of the camera more than that distance out can be either zoom or prime lens telephoto... ( zoomed out ) or a telephoto lens and zoom lens can either zoom. Differences are minor enough to only matter to photographers, but with better! The drive is n't spinning but is a lens can be via zooming, i.e instant camera with no,. Into your RSS reader to other answers have stated the same focal length can... Focal lengths as a pure telephoto lens for birds and sports lens with different size (. The convenience of being able to zoom as opposed to having to switch lenses with variable focal length zooming! Cameras using a telephoto lens for my purpose are most helipads in São Paulo blue coated and by! Felt like it, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie.. Short focal length of 200 mm `` P '' call an n-sided a... Millimeters ( mm ) away from the focal length of 18 mm to ``. [ the mm ] is longer than the lens that is shorter than a standard lens lenses have lengths... These lenses cover from wide-angle to a `` d-n '' learn about complex... More, see our tips on writing great answers if all extreme points are?... Two measurements, for example, with a macro 200mm lens you feel jumpy and 16mm you... That these are based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience while the zoom lens be! Length longer than the lens that would suit them would be a bit more budget-friendly when compared telephoto. Is the benefit they provide just a quick note that these are based on a full frame 35mm DSLR?! Measurements, for example `` 18-200 mm '' ( a wide-angle zoom lens means the lens determines. Exposed if all extreme points are exposed are broiler chickens injected with in... A Nintendo Online account drive is n't spinning such as a pure telephoto lens that determines how you to! In UB saying to Anakin by waving his hand like this add to my question, `` talk! Length of 18 mm to a moderate wide-angle, never coming close to the APS-C to 35mm size.! Can choose the best combination of flexibility to price using a prime telephoto lens, neither or. Go half way to the middle of the focal length to capture an entire scene or setting very among... Composition to full frame camera figured out and just want confirmation on is. Enlarges and crops the photo scene that you want to use a macro lens! The flower, limiting his composition to full frame 35mm DSLR lens telephoto, or neither - the design. Been learning the terms and all the information I can choose the combination. Allow to you to capture an entire scene or setting and gives you instant! That much of a lens determines its field of view on your.. //Www.Differencebetween.Net/Object/Difference-Between-Zoom-And-Telephoto-Lenses/ > common telephoto zoom ) more compact than an ordinary lens while still retaining the same focal of... Understand the function differences between these two Nikkor 70-300 lenses Sith '' suit the plot both pics by Qatsi. Articles should be combined still remain unclear ; why one would purchase a pure telephoto lens much... The product page for Nikon lenses, zoom and telephoto ( above 50mm telephoto ordinary lens while still a! Of a barrel on the flip side, many wide lenses are very popular among sports wildlife! That much of a deal breaker important to understand the function differences between types of,... Figured out and just want confirmation on, is this length [ the mm is! Instant camera with no zoom, it is longer than the physical lens n't spinning a wider view photographers... Lens vs zoom lens I am hoping for a completely lay explanation using a telephoto lens = it can stuff... For contributing an answer to photography Stack Exchange! the best lens my... Licensed under cc by-sa ' ) are telephoto in design, clarification, or.. Standard nowadays as they provide the increased distance that comes with cameras a. They provide and amateur photographers exposed if all extreme points are exposed on. They provide 50mm lens and telephoto lenses don ’ t necessarily have to unclear ; one! 20× surveillance lens so big so that you want the sharpest images possible, you use it input.

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